Celebrated In: India
Celebrated By: Hindu ()
Maharana Pratap was the greatest warrior of Rajputs. In 1568, during the reign of Udai Singh II, Chittor was conquered by the Mughal Emperor Akbar after the third Jauhar at Chittor. However, Udai Singh and the royal family of Mewar escaped before the capture of the fort and moved to the foothills of the Aravalli Range where Udai Singh founded the city of Udaipur.
The legendary Maharana Pratap was a true patriot who initiated the first war of independence. Maharana was born on May 9th 1540 in Kumbhalgarh in Rajsamand district of Rajasthan. The day was Jyestha Masa Shukla Pakshta Tritiya Tithi.
His birth anniversary (Maharana Pratap Jayanti) is celebrated as fully fledged festival every year on 3rd day of Jyestha Masa Shukla Phase.
Maharana Pratap has gained amazing respect and honor as he is seen as an epitome of valor, heroism, pride, patriotism and the spirit of independence.
Special puja and processions are held in his remembrance on Maharana Pratap Jayanti day everywhere. Several cultural programs such as debate are also organized.
Maharana Pratap died of injuries sustained in a hunting accident. He died at Chavand, on January 19, 1597, aged fifty-seven. It is said that as he lay dying, Pratap made his son and successor, Amar Singh, swear to maintain eternal conflict against the Mughals. Thus, his strained circumstances did not overpower Pratap even in his declining years.
It is said that he also did not sleep on a bed because of a vow he took that until Chittor was freed he would sleep on the floor and live in a hut despite the fact that he had reconquered almost his entire kingdom from Akbar.
Maharana Pratap's son, Amar Singh, fought 17 wars with the Mughals. After Mewar was depleted financially and in man-power he conditionally accepted them as rulers.