Celebrated In: India
Bandi festival also commonly known as the BandiShor Divas or the day of liberation is a festival of the Sikhs. It mostly occurs in the month of Ashvin in the lunar calendar around the night of the new moon or the Amavasya. The usual month of the celebration is in November. BandiShor Divas and diwali are festivals that falls on different days. But according to the calendar, they are celebrated in the same day. Although they are celebrated on the similar days, they are still different from each other. The word bandi actually comes from the word prisoner. BandiShor Divas is celebrated due to the fact that sixth guru or guru Hargobind Jr. was released from the prison along with 52 other princes.
Bandi festival was due to the fact that, guru Hargobindji came to Amritsar during the time of diwali festival. Thus Diwali and the liberation were combined together on this day. Bandidivas were known to be one of the biggest festivals after the Baisakhi festival of the Sikhs. It became one of the most important festivals in various parts of northern region of India. There is a nagarkeertan also known as the akhand path that involves continuous reading of Guru Granth Sahib for at least 48 hours. There is fireworks display around the Golden Temple with many beautiful lights.
Thus this day was popularly known as the BandiShor day or the Bandi Divas. It represents the struggle of Sikhs in the late 18th century against the moguls for their own freedom. Apart from Baisakhi, when the Khalsa meets, the bandishor divas became one of the second major festivals when the khalsa met and planned their freedom strategy.